Goals To preserve peasantry as a bearer of Ukrainian identity, culture and spirit of the nation


НазваGoals To preserve peasantry as a bearer of Ukrainian identity, culture and spirit of the nation
Дата конвертації13.03.2013
Розмір461 b.
ТипПрезентации



Goals

  • To preserve peasantry as a bearer of Ukrainian identity, culture and spirit of the nation.

  • Complex development of rural territories and solving social problems of the villages.

  • Making agriculture highly effective, competitive at internal and external markets sector of Ukrainian economy.

  • Ensuring food security of the country.



Tasks



Methodology



Methodology



Methodology



Tasks – success criteria



Methodology



Main problems

  • Public administration and branch-wise policy

  • The strategy of agroindustrial complex development is based upon the criteria of increasing production volumes in all branches

  • The concept of food security assumes satisfying 95% of own consumption with the help of own production

  • Outcome

  • Wrong priorities and inconsistent state policy in rural areas and agroindustrial complex



Main problems

  • Land relations

  • Social strain and lack of trust between the subjects of the market

  • Lack of measures and stimuli which could contribute to joining of land share owners

  • Nonoptimal public administration, lack of effective state control over quality and the state of land resources

  • Outcomes

  • Fear to loose land property from the side of peasants and public opinion based on the fear of agriculture capitalization

  • Difficulty of practical problem solving in the sphere of rent relations in rural areas

  • Disastrous decrease in land fertility and increase of soil erosion processes



Main problems

  • Social and economic development of rural areas

  • Nonconsistent policy and state support of rural areas development

  • Not identified sources and mechanisms of funding for the realization of the state policy in the sphere of rural areas development

  • Outcomes

  • Low level of life, unemployment, decrease birth rate in rural areas, ageing of rural population

  • Threatening decrease in the number of rural population, village depopulation, loss of national traditions of village life, family values

  • Rural population lives in a limited informational space, very low level of knowledge about rights, possibilities and innovative technologies from the side of peasants; lack of knowledge how to implement their rights to protect own interests



Main problems

  • Agroindustrial markets

  • Products and branches of international competitiveness are not identified

  • No branch priorities outlined

  • No balance between demand and supply, unorganized market with low level of infrastructure development and elements of command and administration system

  • Lack of organized sales channels with transparent pricing mechanisms and mechanisms stimulating production

  • Outcomes

  • Predominating unprofitableness of agricultural production

  • Lack of structural balance in the export of agricultural commodities with prevailing export of raw materials

  • Failure of agricultural commodities to meet international standards of quality and safety

  • Increase of expenses on consumption of non-recoverable resources and decrease of competitiveness of agricultural enterprises

  • Deficit of food consumption in comparison with the level of rational consumption norms

  • Decrease in the value added production



Lack or weakness of market infrastructure – wholesale markets of agricultural commodities

  • Lack or weakness of market infrastructure – wholesale markets of agricultural commodities



Main problems

  • Agrarian science

  • Ukrainian agrarian science has a low level of integration into contemporary European and international science

  • Low level of scientific base in some of the scientific investigation institutions of agroindustrial complex

  • Lack of implementation mechanism between fundamental science and practice

  • Outcomes

  • Potential of scientific investigations is not implemented in the practice of agricultural production

  • Brain drain of scientists to other countries or other branches of national economy



Main directions of the programme

  • Defining priorities of agroindustrial development of the country with the concentration of all the main efforts in competitive branches

  • Intensive development of rural areas and local self-government, introduction of the participation strategy, which would help to consolidate efforts of the State and local communities



Planned actions – in the sphere of public administration

  • To adopt the Concept of the country’s food security on the level of legislation;

  • To decentralize management in agroindustrial complex and to introduce operational standards of taking state decisions, controlling the implementation of these decisions and assessing the results;

  • To start structural reorganization of state institutions in order to proceed from paternalistic principles of agroindustrial complex development to complex system of state support given to competitive branches;

  • To ensure the development of state system of special training and education of specialists to be employed in agroindustrial complex and Ukrainian rural areas



Planned actions – in the sphere of land relations

  • Improvement of land legislative base and management system in the sphere of land relations (budget expenditures - 0,75 mln. UAH, effect – value added increase by 53,0 mln. UAH. )

  • Rationalization of the land tenure by way of organization of the land usage (budget expenditures - 516,5 mln. UAH., effect - value added increase by 1624,0 mln UAH)

  • Recovery of soil quality and ensuring soil protection (budget expenditures – 174,5 mln. UAH, effect - value added increase by 555 mln. UAH)

  • Creation of conditions for agricultural lands market and the improvement of investment climate (budget expenditures - 225 mln. UAH, effect - value added increase by 365 mln. UAH )



Planned actions in the sphere of agroindustrial markets’ development





Planned actions in the sphere of agroindustrial markets’ development

  • Priority development of production of sunflower, cereals and products of its processing. It is planned to increase production volume of sunflower from 3 mln. tones in 2004 to 4,5 mln. tones in 2010; cereals - from 38 mln. tones in 2005 to 65 mln. tones in 2010;

  • It is planned to increase production volumes of poultry from 0,58 mln. tones in 2004 to 1,2 mln tones in 2010, pork from 0,46 mln. tones to 1,1 mln. tones, milk products – from 13,9 mln. tones to 18 mln. tones, eggs from 11,8 bln. eggs to 15 bln. eggs, accordingly.

  • Strategic focus on dairy farming with constant beef production on the level of 2005 based on a principle of derivative product. At the same time the demand for beef will also be present due to import.



Planned actions in the sphere of agroindustrial complex branch-wise policy

  • To work out development strategies for branches of international competitiveness – cereals, sunflower , confectionery, organic products, poultry

  • To work out programmes aimed at competitiveness creation in potentially competitive branches – pig-breeding, dairy farming, milk processing, eggs production

  • To implement corporatization of the sugar branch

  • To work out model investment projects for competitive branches

  • To work out regional policies for agroindustrial complex based upon cluster models

  • To form branch-wise investment proposals fro branches with capital payback over 20%



Planned actions – social and economic development of Ukrainian village

  • Creating favorable conditions for the development of private initiative and entrepreneurship in rural areas as basic mechanisms for the increase of life level in villages.

  • Creating conditions and possibilities for rural communities to solve social and economic problems of rural settlements.

  • Working out mechanisms of supporting social and economic development of rural areas.



Planned actions – agricultural science

  • Increase in the gross value added in agriculture by 30% due to more effective usage of plants’ and animals’ genetic potential ( increase from 50% to 70%) and complex implementation of Ukrainian technologies in production (from 20% to 50%) and in processing from 60% to 80%

  • Bringing the share of GDP spent for scientific investigations from 0,16 to 0,5 percent

  • Creating national banks of genetic resources of plants, animals and microorganisms

  • Creating national fund of science intensive products



Planned actions – Budget regulation



Planned actions – finance and investments



Planned actions – International integration

  • Receiving the status of the country with market economy;

  • Becoming a member WTO

  • Creating a free trade area between Ukraine and the EU

  • Defining perspectives and realization of measures aimed at regional integration

  • Realization of an Agreement about free trade within the CIS



Planned actions – products’ quality and safety

  • Forming a unified state policy in the sphere of quality and competitiveness of agricultural commodities;

  • Bringing National normative and legislation system in the sphere of agroindustrial products’ quality and safety in accordance with the requirements of WTO and EU;

  • Entering external markets with Ukrainian agricultural commodities being of the high quality and ecologically clean



Planned actions – Information and monitoring

  • Finalizing the development of automated system of land cadastre of Ukraine containing new data about the quality of soils

  • Creation of the automated system of agro-market monitoring

  • Creating the system of agricultural knowledge management and distance learning



Planned actions – education in agriculture

  • Development and implementation of the effective system of personnel management and personnel development for agroindustrial enterprises

  • Reforming the system of agrarian education

  • Introduction of the system of business education as the basic factor of entrepreneurship development in rural areas

  • Development and implementation of the system designed to stimulate the desire to learn and receive education



Expected results

  • Creating institutions and mechanisms of social protection of rural population at the level of standards typical for highly-developed European countries

  • Creating developed and secure internal agrarian market

  • Creating agroindustrial production with high profitability

  • Creating the image of Ukraine a s a country with highly developed agroindustrial sector

  • Forming ecological brand of Ukraine

  • Creating internal stock market

  • Sufficient increase in the incomes to the state budget



Expected effects

  • Increase in value added gained as a result of the planned actions implementation will amount to :

  • - in the sphere of land relations and land preservation - 2 529,0 mln. UAH

  • - in the sphere of education and management of human resource - 1 500 mln. UAH

  • - in the sphere of science – 13 760,0 mln. UAH

  • - in the sphere of branch-wise and regional development of agroindustrial complex - 11 200 mln. UAH

  • - in the sphere of investments – up to 100 bln. UAH



Expected effects



Summary



Action plan



Action plan



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