Lecture 8: Numerals. Cardinal Numbers. Prices


НазваLecture 8: Numerals. Cardinal Numbers. Prices
Дата конвертації02.04.2013
Розмір444 b.
ТипПрезентации


LECTURE 8:

  • Numerals. Cardinal Numbers. Prices.


PLAN

  • 1. Numbers.

  • 2. Prices.



First let's learn to count in Ukrainian. Note that "one" and "two" in Ukrainian must agree in gender with the noun that follows them:

  • 1 один (for masculine nouns) 1 одна (for feminine nouns) 1 одне (for neuter nouns) 2 два (for masculine & neuter nouns) 2 дві (for feminine nouns) 3 три 4 чотири 5 п'ять 6 шість 7 сім 8 вісім 9 дев'ять 10 десять



11 одинадцять 12 дванадцять 13 тринадцять 14 чотирнадцять 15 п'ятнадцять 16 шістнадцять 17 сімнадцять 18 вісімнадцять 19 дев'ятнадцять 20 двадцять

  • 11 одинадцять 12 дванадцять 13 тринадцять 14 чотирнадцять 15 п'ятнадцять 16 шістнадцять 17 сімнадцять 18 вісімнадцять 19 дев'ятнадцять 20 двадцять



21 двадцять один 22 двадцять два 23 двадцять три 24 двадцять чотири 25 двадцять п'ять (and so on -- just like in English)

  • 21 двадцять один 22 двадцять два 23 двадцять три 24 двадцять чотири 25 двадцять п'ять (and so on -- just like in English)

  • ...

  • 30 тридцять 31 тридцять один 32 тридцять два

  • ...

  • 40 сорок 50 п'ятдесят



60 шістдесят 70 сімдесят 80 вісімдесят 90 дев'яносто 100 сто 101 сто один ... 154 сто п'ятдесят чотири ... 1000 тисяча 1 000 000 мільйон 1 000 000 000 мільярд

  • 60 шістдесят 70 сімдесят 80 вісімдесят 90 дев'яносто 100 сто 101 сто один ... 154 сто п'ятдесят чотири ... 1000 тисяча 1 000 000 мільйон 1 000 000 000 мільярд



The bad news is that numerals also decline (change their endings to agree with accompanying nouns). The good news is that in most usual situations where you would use numbers (e.g., shopping) you don't have to know how to decline them since they are used in cases that don't have changes. There's just a few numerals that do, and you will learn how to change them in this lesson.

  • The bad news is that numerals also decline (change their endings to agree with accompanying nouns). The good news is that in most usual situations where you would use numbers (e.g., shopping) you don't have to know how to decline them since they are used in cases that don't have changes. There's just a few numerals that do, and you will learn how to change them in this lesson.



Prices in Ukrainian would look as follows:

  • одна гривня -- one hryvnya (гривня is a feminine noun). Два жетони на метро коштують одну гривню. -- Two metro tokens cost one hryvnia. (Here you have both "one" and "hryvnya" in the accusative case required by the verb коштують) Я купив квіти за одну гривню. -- I bought flowers for one hryvnya. (Again the accusative.)



The number тисяча is in fact a noun and therefore declines similarly to other nouns that end in -a. Мільйон and мільярд are also nouns, but they follow a different declination pattern, and since they are not so commonly used, we won't review them here.

  • The number тисяча is in fact a noun and therefore declines similarly to other nouns that end in -a. Мільйон and мільярд are also nouns, but they follow a different declination pattern, and since they are not so commonly used, we won't review them here.



Masculine and neuter "one" (e.g., один долар -- one dollar), both forms of "two" and the rest of numbers do not change in similar sentences, that is, when used with the verb коштувати or preposition за.

  • Masculine and neuter "one" (e.g., один долар -- one dollar), both forms of "two" and the rest of numbers do not change in similar sentences, that is, when used with the verb коштувати or preposition за.



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