Iaea’s Incident and Emergency Centre: Response to the Accident at tepco’s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station


НазваIaea’s Incident and Emergency Centre: Response to the Accident at tepco’s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station
Дата конвертації09.04.2013
Розмір445 b.
ТипПрезентации


IAEA’s Incident and Emergency Centre: Response to the Accident at TEPCO’s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

E. Buglova

Head, Incident and Emergency Centre

Incident and Emergency Centre (IEC)

Global focal point for international preparedness and response for nuclear and radiological safety or security related incidents, emergencies, threats or events of media interest and for coordination of international assistance

International EPR Framework Legal instruments



International EPR Framework Protocols and operational arrangements



IAEA Roles and Responsibilities Response

  • Notification and official information exchange:

    • Officially designated Contact Points
  • Provision of assistance on request:

    • Facilitate and coordinate
  • Provision of public information:

    • Timely, accurate and appropriate
  • Coordination of inter-agency response:

    • Achieve synergy, speak with ‘one voice’


11 March

  • 05:46 UTC

    • Earthquake of magnitude 9.0 occurred near East coast of Honshu, Japan
  • 06:42 UTC

    • On-call external event specialist informed/alerted on-call ERM about earthquake
    • Possible damage at 4 NPPs and potential for tsunami anticipated
  • 07:21 UTC

    • IEC made first phone contact with Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) – Nuclear and Industry Safety Agency (NISA)


11 March

  • 07:48 UTC

    • Offer of Agency’s assistance sent to METI-NISA Japan (cc PM of Japan to IAEA)
  • 08:06 UTC

    • First EMERCON message for MSs and IGOs published on ENAC web site
  • 08:20 UTC

    • IEC declares Full Response mode operations


11 March

  • 08:30 UTC

    • First IAEA’s press statement published on IAEA web site
  • 09:29 UTC

    • First request for information from MS
  • 09:33 UTC

    • First info to MS provided by phone


11 March

  • 09:39 UTC

    • First IEC request to WMO’s Regional Specialized Meteorological Centres for standard meteorological products
  • 10:39 UTC

    • First fax to METI requesting detailed info including info on declaration of emergency class
  • 12:50 – 16:47 UTC

    • First replies to inquiries from MSs sent by e-mails
  • 17:03 UTC

    • Fifth EMERCON message published; confirmation of reading requested
    • Emails were sent in parallel to all existing primary and primary back up email addresses


11 March

  • 19:38 UTC

    • First IEC Status Summary Report distributed by fax to all CPs
  • 20:02 UTC

    • First IEC Status Summary Report published on ENAC


Status Summary Reports

  • By end of 2011 more than 130 Status Summary Reports issued



Briefings

  • Oral briefings for MSs, press briefings have been provided and Update Briefs posted on IAEA’s web site



Offers for Assistance

  • MSs offers for assistance gathered, provided to Japan and published on ENAC web site



‘Soft Countermeasures’

  • Information on ‘soft countermeasures’ in MSs have been gathered, evaluated by OECD/NEA and made available on ENAC web site



Inter-agency Coordination

  • March 11 - IGOs notified and JPLAN activated

  • March 15 - first Inter-Agency Committee on Radiological and Nuclear Emergencies (IACRNE) coordination video meeting conducted:

    • Briefings, exchange of information, coordination of response activities, joint press releases, assignment of commonly agreed activities
    • 15 coordination video meetings since March 11
  • Liaison officers working in IEC:

    • Staff members of FAO and WHO, experts from WMO


Schedule in Full Response Mode

  • 07.00 and 19.00 – change of shifts and briefings



Main Activities

  • DG visited Tokyo (17 to 19 March)

  • DG called BoG Meeting (21 March)

  • DG established Fukushima Accident Coordination Team (FACT)

  • Two expert groups were formed:

    • Fukushima Nuclear Safety Team
    • Fukushima Radiological Consequences Team


Main Activities

  • IAEA monitoring teams deployed to Japan (18 March to 18 April)

  • IAEA laboratories in Seibersdorf and Monaco involved in response

  • Joint IAEA/FAO Food Safety Assessment Team visited Japan (26 to 31 March)

  • IAEA International Fact-Finding Mission deployed to Japan (24 May)



Main Activities

  • IAEA report to BoG Meeting (3 June, 2011) “IAEA Activities in Response to the Fukushima Accident” (GOV/INF/2011/8)

  • IAEA Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Safety (20 to 24 June)

  • IAEA Action Plan on Nuclear Safety

    • 12 elements


Timeline of Response Modes

  • Full Response Mode – March 11- May 3, 2011

    • 54 days (24 h)
    • 230 IAEA’s staff worked in IEC in shifts
  • Basic Response Mode

    • May 4 – December 21, 2011
  • Normal/Ready Mode

    • Since December 21, 2011
    • Liaising with PM Japan and counterparts in Japan related to assessment matters and monitoring data
    • Continuing to prepare/publish Status Summary Reports including IAEA assessment


Concluding Remarks (1)

  • IAEA’s Incident and Emergency System proved to work well overall

    • IAEA can respond 24/7 for sustained period
  • Inter-Agency Committee on Radiological and Nuclear Emergencies (IACRNE), and its related JPLAN, demonstrated and proved effective and comprehensive inter-agency mechanism



Concluding Remarks (2)

  • Lessons learned in emergency preparedness and response were incorporated in relevant parts of Action Plan on Nuclear Safety

    • IAEA’s role in sharing and exchange of information in response to a nuclear emergency was broadened  
        • “The IAEA Secretariat to provide Member States, international organizations and the general public with timely, clear, factually correct, objective and easily understandable information during a nuclear emergency on its potential consequences, including analysis of available information and prognosis of possible scenarios based on evidence, scientific knowledge and the capabilities of Member States.”


Conclusion

Experience gained in response to Fukushima accident at all levels (facility, local, national and international) is providing valuable input for further enhancing and harmonizing EPR framework



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