The industrial revolution begins what is it? “Industrialization” The Next Three Days


НазваThe industrial revolution begins what is it? “Industrialization” The Next Three Days
Дата конвертації27.04.2013
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THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION BEGINS

What is it? “Industrialization”

The Next Three Days

Today & Tomorrow

Dawn of the Industrial Age

(Pages 246-249 plus class notes)

The Industrial Revolution Spreads

(Pages 298-303 plus class notes)

The New Imperialism

(Pages 386-391 plus class notes)

Friday

Unit Test (20 points)

15 Multiple Choice - 5 Vocabulary/Word Bank

(7.1) DAWN OF THE INDUSTRIAL AGE

A) Life Changes as Industry Spreads

B) Agriculture Spurs Industry

C) New Technology Becomes Key

LIFE CHANGES AS INDUSTRY SPREADS

The Simple Life of 1750
  • Most people worked the land using handmade tools

  • Lived in simple cottages lit by firelight & candles

  • Made their own clothing

  • Exchanged goods with nearby towns at weekly outdoor market

  • Knew little about the world beyond their village

  • How far could your horse take you?



LIFE CHANGES AS INDUSTRY SPREADS

Fast forward to the 1850s
  • Country villages had grown into industrial towns

  • Clothing and food were likely made/grown elsewhere

  • Travel between countries and continents by train or steamship

  • People begin sending messages along telegraphs

  • New inventions were common occurrences



LIFE CHANGES AS INDUSTRY SPREADS

Advancements
  • Machines

  • Technology

  • Medicine & Understanding



(7.1) DAWN OF THE INDUSTRIAL AGE

A) Life Changes as Industry Spreads

B) Agriculture Spurs Industry

C) New Technology Becomes Key

AGRICULTURE SPURS INDUSTRY

Farming Methods Improve
  • Prior to this time, people farmed in ways they did over 11,000 years ago

  • Change begins with the Dutch people when they build earthen walls (dikes) to reclaim land from the sea

  • Use fertilizer from livestock to renew the soil

  • British begin exchanging ideas with farm journals



AGRICULTURE SPURS INDUSTRY

Farming Methods Improve
  • Mix different soils to get higher crop yields

  • New methods of crop rotation

  • Grow turnips to restore exhausted soil

  • New inventions for planting, turning, cultivating



ENCLOSURE INCREASES OUTPUT BUT CAUSES MIGRATION

“Enclosure” – the process of taking over and consolidating land formerly shared by peasant farmers

…AND AS A RESULT

Fewer workers needed, small farmers forced off their land because they couldn’t compete

POPULATION MULTIPLIES

Rapid growth of population

(7.1) DAWN OF THE INDUSTRIAL AGE

A) Life Changes as Industry Spreads

B) Agriculture Spurs Industry

C) New Technology Becomes Key

NEW TECHNOLOGY BECOMES KEY

An Energy Revolution: New sources of energy and new materials for use

NEW TECHNOLOGY BECOMES KEY

The Quality of Iron Improves

(9.1) THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION SPREADS

A) New Industrial Powers Emerge

B) Technology Sparks Industrial Growth

C) Transportation and Communication Advances

D) Business Takes a New Direction

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION SPREADS

Britain has a head start

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION SPREADS

Nations Race to Industrialize

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION SPREADS

Germany and United States Excel

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION SPREADS

Uneven Growth & Effects of Industrialization

(9.1) THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION SPREADS

A) New Industrial Powers Emerge

B) Technology Sparks Industrial Growth

C) Transportation and Communication Advances

D) Business Takes a New Direction

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION SPREADS

Technology Sparks Industrial Growth

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION SPREADS

Innovations in Chemistry

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION SPREADS

Electric Power Comes of Age

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION SPREADS

New Methods of Production

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION SPREADS

Introduction of the Assembly Line

(9.1) THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION SPREADS

A) New Industrial Powers Emerge

B) Technology Sparks Industrial Growth

C) Transportation and Communication Advances

D) Business Takes a New Direction

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION SPREADS

Transportation and Communication Advances

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION SPREADS

The Automobile Age Begins

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION SPREADS

Internal Combustion Engine Powers More Than Cars

(9.1) THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION SPREADS

A) New Industrial Powers Emerge

B) Technology Sparks Industrial Growth

C) Transportation and Communication Advances

D) Business Takes a New Direction

(12.1) BUILDING OVERSEAS EMPIRES

A) Motives Driving the New Imperialism

B) The Rapid Spread of Western Imperialism

C) Forms of Imperial Rule

MOTIVES DRIVING THE NEW IMPERIALISM

During the 1800s, the Industrial Revolution had transformed the Western World

MOTIVES DRIVING THE NEW IMPERIALISM

This “new imperialism” was the result of many developments taking place throughout the world

MOTIVES DRIVING THE NEW IMPERIALISM

Economic Interests Spur Expansion



MOTIVES DRIVING THE NEW IMPERIALISM

Political and Military Motives



MOTIVES DRIVING THE NEW IMPERIALISM

Humanitarian and Religious Goals



MOTIVES DRIVING THE NEW IMPERIALISM

Applying Social Darwinism



(12.1) BUILDING OVERSEAS EMPIRES

A) Motives Driving the New Imperialism

B) The Rapid Spread of Western Imperialism

C) Forms of Imperial Rule

THE RAPID SPREAD OF WESTERN IMPERIALISM

Weakness of Non-Western States

THE RAPID SPREAD OF WESTERN IMPERIALISM

Western Advantages

THE RAPID SPREAD OF WESTERN IMPERIALISM

Resisting Imperialism

THE RAPID SPREAD OF WESTERN IMPERIALISM

Forms of Imperial Rule

THE RAPID SPREAD OF WESTERN IMPERIALISM

Forms of Imperial Rule


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